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Do Squirrels Carry Diseases?

Yes, squirrels can carry diseases.

Squirrels are cute and fascinating creatures that can be found in various habitats around the world. While they may seem harmless, it is important to be aware of the potential health risks associated with these furry creatures. In this article, we will explore some common diseases that squirrels can carry and provide tips on how to stay safe.

1. Common Diseases Carried by Squirrels

Squirrels can carry several diseases, including:

TularemiaFever, skin ulcers, swollen lymph nodes
  • Avoid direct contact with squirrels
  • Wear gloves when handling dead squirrels
  • Cook meat thoroughly
LeptospirosisFever, headache, muscle pain, vomiting
  • Avoid contact with squirrel urine
  • Keep your surroundings clean and free from squirrel droppings
  • Wear protective clothing when cleaning areas with squirrel presence
RabiesFever, headache, confusion, paralysis
  • Avoid contact with squirrels showing abnormal behavior
  • Do not attempt to handle or feed wild squirrels
  • Vaccinate your pets against rabies

2. How Diseases are Transmitted

Squirrels can transmit diseases through various means, including:

  • Direct contact: Coming into contact with an infected squirrel’s blood, urine, or saliva can lead to disease transmission.
  • Indirect contact: Handling objects or surfaces contaminated with squirrel droppings or urine can also pose a risk.
  • Insect bites: Some diseases carried by squirrels can be transmitted through ticks, fleas, or other biting insects that infest them.

3. Preventive Measures

To minimize the risk of contracting diseases from squirrels, consider the following preventive measures:

  • Keep distance: Avoid direct contact with squirrels, especially if they appear sick or behave unusually.
  • Secure trash bins: Squirrels are attracted to food sources, so ensure your trash bins are tightly sealed to discourage their presence.
  • Seal entry points: Prevent squirrels from entering your home by sealing any gaps or openings in attics, basements, or walls.
  • Remove food sources: Keep bird feeders away from your house, as they can attract squirrels and other wildlife.
  • Practice good hygiene: Wash your hands thoroughly after gardening or handling objects that may have come into contact with squirrels.

4. Seeking Professional Help

If you suspect a squirrel infestation or encounter a sick or injured squirrel, it is best to seek professional help. Wildlife control experts can safely handle the situation, minimizing the risk of disease transmission.


Squirrels can carry diseases, and it is important to take necessary precautions to protect yourself and your family. By understanding the potential risks and implementing preventive measures, you can enjoy the presence of squirrels while minimizing the chances of disease transmission. Remember, if in doubt, always consult professionals for assistance.

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