Do Caterpillars Eat Strawberries

Do Caterpillars Eat Strawberries?

Yes, caterpillars do eat strawberries. Caterpillars are known for their voracious appetites and can consume a wide variety of plants, including strawberries. In this article, we will explore the relationship between caterpillars and strawberries, their feeding habits, and ways to protect your strawberry plants from these hungry insects.

Understanding Caterpillars

Caterpillars are the larval stage of butterflies and moths, belonging to the insect order Lepidoptera. They undergo a remarkable transformation from an egg to a caterpillar, then to a pupa (chrysalis or cocoon), and finally emerge as a beautiful butterfly or moth. During their caterpillar stage, they primarily focus on feeding and growing.

Feeding Habits of Caterpillars

Caterpillars are herbivores, meaning they feed exclusively on plants. They have specialized mouthparts designed for chewing and consuming plant material. While some caterpillars have specific plant preferences, others are generalists and will eat a wide range of plants, including strawberries.

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Types of Caterpillars That Eat Strawberries

Several species of caterpillars are known to feed on strawberry plants. The most common ones include:

Caterpillar SpeciesAppearanceFeeding Behavior
Eastern Tent CaterpillarBlack with white markingsFeed on leaves and create silk tents
Strawberry Crown Moth CaterpillarGreen with black headFeed on leaves and bore into crowns
Armyworm CaterpillarGreen or brown with stripesFeed on leaves and can cause extensive damage

These caterpillars can cause significant damage to strawberry plants if their populations are not controlled.

Protecting Your Strawberry Plants

If you want to enjoy a bountiful harvest of strawberries, it is essential to protect your plants from caterpillar damage. Here are some effective methods:

1. Handpicking

Inspect your strawberry plants regularly and manually remove any caterpillars you find. This method is most effective for small gardens or when the infestation is minimal.

2. Biological Control

Encourage natural predators of caterpillars, such as birds, ladybugs, and parasitic wasps, to inhabit your garden. These beneficial insects can help keep caterpillar populations in check.

3. Organic Sprays

Use organic insecticides or sprays containing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a naturally occurring bacteria that specifically targets caterpillars while being safe for humans and other beneficial insects.

4. Protective Netting

Install fine mesh netting over your strawberry plants to create a physical barrier that prevents caterpillars from reaching the leaves and fruits.

5. Crop Rotation

Rotate your strawberry plants to a different location each year. This practice helps disrupt the life cycle of caterpillars and reduces the risk of recurring infestations.


In conclusion, caterpillars do eat strawberries. These hungry insects can cause damage to your strawberry plants if not properly managed. By understanding their feeding habits and implementing effective control measures, you can protect your strawberry harvest and enjoy the delicious fruits of your labor.

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